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Title The 66th Unification Strategy Forum
Date 2020.06.24
Type [Event]
Propaganda Leaflets to North Korea and Inter-Korean Relations: Issues and Solutions
Moderator: Kwan-Sei Lee (Director, IFES)
1. Propaganda Leaflets to North Korea: Legal Issues and Solutions
   - Taejoon Kwon (JEON,CHA&LEE Law firm)

2. Propaganda Leaflets to North Korea and Prospects for Inter-Korean   and US-North Korea Relations: Path of the K-Peace Model
- Jung chul Lee(Professor, Soongsil University)

1. Byung-joo Sun (Myungseok Law firm)
2. Jong Joo Lee (Humanitarian Cooperation Bureau, MOU)
3. Moo-Jin Yang (Professor, UNKS)
4. Dong Yub Kim (Professor, IFES)
The Institute For Far Eastern Studies, Kyungnam University held its 66th Unification Strategy Forum titled “Propaganda Leaflets to North Korea and Inter-Korean Relations: Issues and Solutions” at the institute’s Jeongsan Hall in Seoul on June 18, 2020.
Attorney Taejoon Kwon, a lawyer who attended as a presenter, spoke about the government's legal response to the recent issue of sending propaganda leaflets to North Korea (via balloon) in his presentation on legal issues and solutions surrounding dissemination of propaganda leaflets to North Korea. There is no formal problem in the logic of the Ministry of Unification, but the issue is controversial because there is no precedent for raising related issues and criminal punishment. He said judicial judgement and preparation of a law that prohibits the spread of leaflets to North Korea are needed.
Byung-Joo Sun, a lawyer, provided discussion, adding that legal regulations are also necessary to protect national security and life and property rights of border residents; but in reality, it is difficult to enact a single law in relation to the spread of leaflets along the border. The devising of measures to include and restrict dissemination were considered desirable.
Jong Joo Lee, head of the Cooperation Bureau of the Ministry of Unification, said, “The government consistently responded the cessation of spreading such propaganda leaflets.” Recently, harsh rhetoric from North Korea have increased tensions between the two Koreas. The number of civilian complaints in the border areas has increased. As damage to the border area increases, the need for a stronger response was emphasized.

In a presentation titled “Propaganda Leaflets to North Korea and Prospects for Inter-Korean and US-North Korea Relations: Path of the K-Peace Model,” Lee Jeong-cheol, professor of politics and diplomacy at Soongsil University, classified the causes of the inter-Korean tensions as ‘root’ and ‘direct’ causes. He analyzes that the root cause is the North Korea-US confrontation created by the Hanoi summit’s ‘No Deal’, while direct causes include North Korea’s complaints about inter-Korean relations, such as the cross-border dissemination of propaganda leaflets.
In relation to the development of the current phase, “If North Korea's nuclear-rocket capability has exceeded a certain amount quantitatively, it is a situation to worry about the 'security-absence of security paradox'.” In this regard, it was emphasized that “If North Korea is mindful of the negotiation pattern, such as the 8.25 agreement after the 2015 minesweeper incident, it is necessary to prepare for it.” This was followed by the presentation of a principle response related to the Korean reality: problem solving, development of K-peace discourse, taking into account the paradox of non-proliferation, autonomy, and non-traditional security and non-military security in Korea.
Starting the discussion, Moo-Jin Yang, professor at the University of North Korean Studies, said “Because of the trust issue with North Korea, the prohibition of disseminating leaflets is necessary, and related legal and institutional maintenance is necessary. It is necessary to improve and resolve tensions and manage bad news, coordinate the ROK-US cooperation, and cooperate with neighboring countries to coordinate efforts.”
Dong-Yup Kim, a professor at the IFES, analyzed that North Korea's actions, under the pretext of the propaganda leaflets issue, were carried out after the February 2019 Hanoi summit’s ‘No Deal’, elaborate parliamentary speech in April 2020 and sophisticated road map prepared for creating a frontal breakthrough. He raised the issues of North Korea's military action in the future with the relocation of troops to the Kaesong Industrial Complex and Mt. Kumgang ares, scrapping of the agreement between the North and South Korean militaries, and spreading of propaganda flyers to South Korea. It was predicted that North Korea’s development of new strategic weapons would continue independently.
It was suggested that we keep various situations in mind as we prepare for a response to possible North Korean citizens’ (camouflaged) spread of flyers to South Korea along the Military Demarcation Line or Northern Limit Line.